Water Sanitation and Hygiene

Water and sanitation are basic human needs and rights. During and after emergencies, people are at increased risk of contracting infectious diseases. Inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene practices and lack of access to safe water can lead to outbreaks of disease.
Provision of proper water and sanitation facilities is also fundamental to maintaining the dignity of displaced people, particularly women, through providing secure bathing spaces, hygiene supplies and private sanitation facilities. During emergency responses,PCO implements water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programs that incorporate sanitation and hygiene training. In South Sudan, 65% of the population does not have access to clean water and in rural areas 85% of the population does not have access to sanitation facilities. PCO provides safe water through excavation of new and rehabilitation of existing Boreholes, protection of water points/shallow wells, on-site water treatment and distribution, or provision of household water treatment and storage containers, constructs latrines through CLTS and bathing spaces at IDP locations and promotes hygiene through trained volunteers.


Provide access to a safe, portable and adequate water supply; provide access to basic sanitation facilities; and improve health through basic hygiene practices.

Key Activities:

Drilling bore holes,Rehabilitation boreholes ,Providing materials for the construction of household latrines by members of the community through CLTS, Publishing and dispersing hygiene and sanitation posters, Holding hygiene and sanitation workshops,Distributing hand-washing devices and hygiene kits, Formation and Training of Water User Committees

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), has been used by PCO with a modified approach that encourages residents to use their own resources, as much as possible, but we provide the construction materials. Our WASH programs in the Warrap, WEBG, Lakes and Boma states have helped to reduce cholera and diarrheal cases in these areas due to increased access to clean portable water and sanitation facilities, including intensive hygiene promotion services

Peace Building and Governance

Activities. 1. meeting with the stakeholders, youth, women and local chiefs 2. mobilization to address a range of situations that are caused or influenced by traumatic events 3. Establish/ construct/ renovate court halls 4. Establish and rehabilitate police stations 5. sensitization on effects of conflict and conflict related suffering Printing T-shirts and Flyers and burners with peace messages Training of chief, youths and women on peace building Faciitate border peace conferences Introduction of games and sports for youth Life skills training for youth and adolescents Awareness raising, assistance, and counseling Protection awareness-raising and prevention messaging CBP preparedness and protection risk mitigation peace building and peaceful co-existence

food security and Livelihood

Food security is defined as a situation when ‘all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life’. This definition brings together food consumption, nutritional status and health, as well as the vulnerability often brought about by emergencies and extreme poverty. During crisis situations, activities implemented by PCO not only ensures that survivors’ immediate food requirements are met, but also considers the longer-term causes of food insecurity to help communities better produce and purchase their own food. During this conflict, the organization has not only supported in-kind distribution of food in multiple locations but also provided conditional cash grants in the form of food vouchers (for fish and fresh fruits) to pregnant women and mothers nursing children under-5 years of age in PoCs in Juba; however due to protection related issues the team decided to review the approach and make direct deliveries of these foodstuffs to the beneficiaries. To support early recovery agricultural livelihoods PCO has supported small scale irrigation using treadle pumps, re-stocking of goats, community animal health services among others.

A major result of the incessant conflict is that; high rates of food insecurity are prevalent in South Sudan’s rural farming population, with some areas reporting a GAM rate of > 15%. PCO South Sudan has decided to expand its sectoral domain into the field of agriculture by improving agricultural production and reducing post-harvest losses. Projects in development include one that addresses both these issues for thousands of rural farming households. In addition, the organization is currently supporting community based Animal Health work in WBeG and Warrap States

Enable households to access and use the stainable agricultural practices and inputs that increase crop and or livestock production and quality Provide training and extension services to identified farmer groups cooperative and or individuals in various aspects of g a p i p m s a w s w m post-harvest handling and management seeds serving community-based seed production and marketing Improved livestock production through provision of animal health services and improved access to animal resources and capacity building Community animal health workers Provide appropriate Technical startup Support Services i e Linking elected Enterprises to source of foundation seed quality control extension e t c Training of community best extension workers on improved agronomic practice

Education in Emergencies

South Sudan has faced political instability, tribal clashes, cattle rustling and general state of conflict. These worsened after the outbreak of fighting in Juba in Dec 2013, escalating into clashes between government and non-state armed actor; leading to deaths, displacements and destruction of property; for example, a total of 16 attacks on schools occurred in WBeG, 12 in Lakes, and 4 in Warrap (Education clusters report- attacks in Schools 2017). According to the education cluster assessments (2017, 2018) these factors have resulted in closure of schools, poor enrollment and retention, particularly of girls. To worsen the situation, teachers have not been paid for months making large numbers abandon teaching. Prior to this conflict, schools in these areas lacked basic facilities like classrooms, furniture, scholastic materials including WASH facilities, confirmed by the PCO assessment (2018). Additionally, the purchasing power of salaries paid in SSP continues to decrease due to hyperinflation; currently 1 US$ in open market is changed at SSP 330.00 up from SSP 200.00 at the same time in 2017 hence need to link up schools with the IMPACT programme that supports teachers with US$40.00 monthly. Whereas WFP is supporting schools with hot meals to pupils, a key challenge is the absence of cooking facilities, lockable stores and interference by other members of the community. Many schools in South Sudan do not have adequate facilities and where these exist they were done decades ago and not regularly maintained; these is in addition to overcrowding of the few schools make access to education quite limited.


Provide a clean and safe place for children to learn; enable access to life saving education despite the on-going conflict and flooding during the rainy season; and provide access to sanitary places for food preparation to complement the school feeding program

Key Activities: Rehabilitation of damaged school facilities,Construction of Temporary Learning Spaces,Mobilizing communities to rehabilitate their own school,Constructing new and sanitary school kitchens including stores Distribution of teaching and learning materials including furniture, Psychosocial support and messaging ,Training of PTAs and School Management Committees , Accelerated Learning Programme(ALP) , WASH in Schools Most of these activities have been implemented with the support from UNICEF, South Sudan Humanitarian Fund(SSHF) among others. PCO is currently the focal point for education cluster in WBeG and Warrap States.


Our Key activities are: Outpatient consultation for common diseases, Antenatal care, uncomplicated/normal delivery post-harvest Routine immunization, vitamin A supplementation, promotion of adequate infant and young child feeding and caring behaviours, and use of long lasting insecticide treated nets, Natal care, and mass vaccination. Outpatient servicesfor TB, screening and management of HIV patients provide psyco-social support, undertake basic management SGBV survivors Construction of maternities/OPD/admision wards, Provide inpatient care, minor surery and observation ward injury care and mass casualty management, support to county health departments and strengthening of the health systems, IDSR and referal. Health communication and awareness creation, supplies and operating subsidies and cold chain mainrenance.


Our key activities are: To promote behaviour change communication through use of nutrition information IEC materials. Councelling of adolescent girls, boys women, men including care givers on nutrition that includes maternal infant and young child nutrition promotion on EBF and complementary feeding Establish of mother to mother support group (MTMSG) since mothers are intergral part of care and nutrition in children ,Prevention of micro-nutrient deficiencies, children, women and adolesence access micro-nutrients, this includes provision of vitamin A suppliments to chidren, folic acid to prevent anaemia to girls, women ofchild bearing ages and PLW , Provision of dewarming suppliments. Capacity building on CMAM/MIYCN with an aim of improving quaity care. Establish Kitchen gardening to MTMSG.Rehabilitate and refubrish static OTPs and establishing baby friendly spaces.

Non Food Items

When an emergency happens, it causes people to lose their homes, they lose security for themselves and their belongings and the dignity that comes from having privacy. They also lose one of their largest assets in terms of household income and livelihoods. PCO supports communities to house themselves again. This support can involve a wide range of interventions – from supporting actions in the planned camps for example in PoCs (Juba and Wau) and distributing basic shelter materials, to repairing or constructing temporary shelters for example temporary learning Spaces(TLS) or community buildings, or providing water, drainage and access roads-using cash for work initiatives.
In 2017, PCO improved food security and protected livelihoods for 80,000 people, distributed emergency supplies to nearly 150,000 people and provided temporary shelter for 10,000 people as well as access to safe water and adequate hygiene for about 200,000 people affected by disasters.

Our key activities here are; To conduct awareness campaign to inform the community of impending distribution include locations dates and time to ensure all beneficiaries are informed conduct identification, orientation and hiring of community volunteers to assist in distribution conduct distribution of ES/NFI's material to the beneficiaries. Conduct training of beneficiaries on income-generating activities such as energy saving cooking stoves to improve livelihoods and conserve the environment. procure local shelter materials construct shelters to be identified beneficiaries. Improve the living conditions of Highly vulnerable protracted IDPs, returnees,and host communities/ affected non-displaced, who are unable to meet their S/NFI needs. conduct community-led CFM's conduct rapid monitoring and Post Distribution monitoring assessment using ASAP tools.


Main activities here are; Conduct refresher training to project staff on the case management process including CPIMS+ with focus on gender, inclusion, forms, and famiy tracing and reunification process. Capacity building session for facilitators as well as all staff- identifiying and providing comprehensive case management services to vulnurable children, including unaccompanied and seperated children.