South Sudan has faced political instability, tribal clashes, cattle rustling and general state of conflict. These worsened after the outbreak of fighting in Juba in Dec 2013, escalating into clashes between government and non-state armed actor; leading to deaths, displacements and destruction of property; for example, a total of 16 attacks on schools occurred in WBeG, 12 in Lakes, and 4 in Warrap (Education clusters report- attacks in Schools 2017).
According to the education cluster assessments (2017, 2018) these factors have resulted in closure of schools, poor enrollment and retention, particularly of girls. To worsen the situation, teachers have not been paid for months making large numbers abandon teaching. Prior to this conflict, schools in these areas lacked basic facilities like classrooms, furniture, scholastic materials including WASH facilities, confirmed by the PCO assessment (2018). Additionally, the purchasing power of salaries paid in SSP continues to decrease due to hyperinflation; currently 1 US$ in open market is changed at SSP 330.00 up from SSP 200.00 at the same time in 2017 hence need to link up schools with the IMPACT programme that supports teachers with US$40.00 monthly. Whereas WFP is supporting schools with hot meals to pupils, a key challenge is the absence of cooking facilities, lockable stores and interference by other members of the community. Many schools in South Sudan do not have adequate facilities and where these exist they were done decades ago and not regularly maintained; these is in addition to overcrowding of the few schools make access to education quite limited.
Objectives; Provide a clean and safe place for children to learn; enable access to life saving education despite the on-going conflict and flooding during the rainy season; and provide access to sanitary places for food preparation to complement the school feeding program
Rehabilitation of damaged school facilities
Construction of Temporary Learning Spaces
Mobilizing communities to rehabilitate their own schools.
Constructing new and sanitary school kitchens including stores
Distribution of teaching and learning materials, including furniture
Psychosocial support and messaging
Training of PTAs and School Management Committees
Accelerated Learning Programme(ALP)
WASH in Schools
Most of these activities have been implemented with the support from UNICEF, South Sudan Humanitarian Fund(SSHF) among others. PCO is currently the focal point for education cluster in WBeG and Warrap States.